DNP and Bodybuilding
What is 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP)?
2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP) is not a new discovery, it was used commonly in the 1930's before the FDA decided to ban it because of the high death rate. Basically it speeds up heart rate and body temperature so much that it increases fat loss substantially but there is always a cost.
DNP was first used in World War I in munitions, wood preserver and even dye and herbicide, but it was not until 1933 when Maurice Tainter from Stanford University worked out you could swallow it and lose fat fast. It is only later that the severe side effects were noticed.
What are the side effects of DNP?
The initial side effect is oxidative phosphorylation, or toxicity to phenol-based products like DNP causing tachycardia, hyperthermia, tachypnea and diaphoresis leading to death. But these deaths seemed to be non-specific and random when DNP was first being used for fat-loss.
The dramatic increase in BMR (basal metabolic rate) causes fat cell metabolism to speed up while you burn calories just by standing still. It was sold as a simple medication for fat loss that could be purchased over the counter for a few cents. By 1938 the use of DNP was causing cataracts and it was declared "extremely dangerous and not fit for human consumption" by the FDA.
DNP has been through a colorful history, it was brought back to the public and marketed as "Mitcal" by Dr. Bachynsky from Texas USA. It took over 6 years but he was eventually sent to jail for drug law violations in 1986 and prohibited from ever dispensing DNP again.
In 2003 a warning from the UK Food Standard Agency labelling DNP to be "not fit for human consumption". But this warning was specifically for bodybuilders following hospitalization of a well-known Finish bodybuilder that had taken DNP. Despite this DNP is still freely available plus instructions on how to make it at home.
It should be noted that over the last ten years the reported deaths from taking DNP have increased, they have not decreased. It has now been labelled as a hazardous chemical in the UK.
Extreme fat-loss or death is a bad choice for any sane bodybduiler or athlete.
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